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Kg Medan: Orang Luar Punya Angkara?
By Kapal Berita
15/3/2001 6:15 pm Thu
KEADAAN SOSIO-EKONOMI YANG PARAH
Berikut beberapa berita yang dikutip dari beberapa laman
mengenai tragedi Kg Medan. Keadaan persekitaran yang teruk,
kadar pengangguran yang tinggi dan tahap kemiskinan yang
meningkat serta kemunculan kumpulan samseng turut menyumbang
Samada India atau Melayu - mereka hidup tertekan di dalam kekecewaan
di rumah-rumah setinggan kerana tidak mampu membiayai hidup yang lebih
selesa. Terdapat 1,000 penduduk melayu dan india di 6 buah
perkampungan setinggan di sini.
Inilah kesan dari pembangunan yang tidak seimbang walaupun
ini satu kawasan yang diwakili oleh Umno. Mungkin yang
berkesan hanyalah ucapan mandi darah oleh Khir Toyo yang
kini menjelma di pinggir Klang lama. Malangnya dia tidak
pula dikenakan akta hasutan kerana menyebutnya.
Semua manusia mempunyai perasaan. Jika ia tidak dilayan
ia akan memberontak dari dalam. Dan itu hanya memerlukan
sedikit sahaja percikkan. Setakat ini Mahathir begitu banyak
meminyakkan keadaan. Dia pernah mencemarkan perutusan
kemerdekaan dengan tuduhan ekstrim kepada beberapa kumpulan.
Sudah enam orang maut - 5 India dan 1 Melayu. Banyak laman tidak
melapurkan satu melayu yang terkorban itu. Menurut sumber BA pula
bilangan yang mati adalah 10 India, 1 Melayu dan 1 Indonesia.
Polis sudah bising dan mungkin akan mendakwa pemimpin BA kerana
mengeluarkan lapuran bercanggah ini. Timbalan KPN/IGP menyebut
akta ISA akan digunakan kepada sesiapa yang menyebar khabar angin.
Menurut Reuters, bilangan yang dinyatakan oleh polis adalah tepat.
(Ehem.... doktor pun cari makan)
Jumlah yang ditangkap setakat ini adalah 190 orang, dimana 2 darinya
kerana menyebarkan kabar angin. Jumlah yang tercedera pula adalah
seramai 52 orang. Seramai 23 orang sedang dirawat di hospital.
Polis kini tidak membenarkan sebarang ceramah diadakan di
negeri Selangor. Jangan lupa negeri Selangor tidak membenarkan
penceramah BA memberi kuliah ugama di surau sejak Khir Toyo
Menurut DSWA, kumpulan yang menyerang itu datang dari LUAR
dan tidak diKENALI. Gopalakrishnan juga menyebut sedemikian.
Kumpulan luar inilah yang lebih banyak bertanggungjawab
melakukan serangan. BA mengutuk sikap polis yang tidak
bersungguh menjaga keadaan dari awal.
Satu rencana Reuters menyebut kebimbangan seorang pak cik tua
melayu akan adanya orang luar yang membuat kacau di sana.
[Some Malay residents say they feared for their lives.
"We are afraid of outsiders coming here to create trouble,"
said 51-year-old Hamid Jamil ]
Sila rujuk lapuran Reuters :
LAMAN PRO REFORMASI SEMAKIN MENJADI TUMPUAN?
Saya perhatikan terdapat kunjungan mendadak di laman pro reformasi
akhir-akhir ini. Persitiwa Kg Medan menyebabkan pemburu maklumat
memasukki internet kerana bahan yang tercatat pada akhbar tidak
memuaskan. Para penulis laman web perlu mengambil kesempatan ini
untuk menulis sesuatu yang berkesan. Mungkin mereka nanti akan
menjadi pengunjung laman yang berkekalan. Inilah satu rahmat yang
tidak harus dipandang ringan. Reformasi bukan sekadar mengutip
berita penganiayaan kepada Anwar sahaja. Tetapi untuk semua kaum
yang teraniaya kerana perangai syaitan yang berada di dalam diri
manusia. Reformasi datang untuk mengnyahkan semuanya.
Sekali lagi kredibiliti Pak Lah tergugat. Polis diberitakan
tidak memandang serius kejadian ini. Dia sewajarnya menghadirkan
diri setiap hari. Rasa takut masih terasa kerana semakin ramai
menjadi mangsa. Menutup berita hanya akan menggelisahkan lagi
rakyat yang semakin tertanya-tanya. Kerajaan sebenarnya menggalakkan
khabar angin bertiup juga kerana tidak menyalurkan berita yang
lengkap untuk semua. Inilah kerajaan yang menyebarkan khabar
Anwar melakukan jenayah sedangkan bangunan ia berlaku tiada.
Mungkin polis perlu bertindak kepada bekas peguam negara dan
semua pendakwa DSAI kerana berkhabar angin juga..... dan ini
termasuk Mahathir juga kerana dia terlalu percaya sehingga
menghebahkannya - seolah-olah dialah pendakwa dan hakim negara.
-TJr Kapal Berita-
More arrests in wake of Malaysian race attacks
By Jalil Hamid
KUALA LUMPUR (Reuters) - Police arrested seven people in connection with
bloody weekend clashes between Indian and Malay residents south of the
capital Kuala Lumpur, taking the total apprehended to 190, authorities said
Police patrolled the streets of the troubled neighbourhood where six people
died in Malaysia's worst racial violence in more than 30 years. Residents
said there were no signs of trouble overnight.
"We will be making a few more arrests," Nik Ismail Nik Yusoff, Selangor
state police chief, told reporters at a hospital treating victims of the
He said the latest arrests overnight included two people suspected of rumour
mongering, which police could deem an offence under the Malaysia's
wide-ranging Internal Security Act.
Nearly 150 of those arrested are being held under remand for two to 13 days
and could be charged with illegal assembly and possessing weapons.
Groups wielding stocks, machetes and pipes roamed the Taman Desaria
neighbourhood of Petaling Jaya at the height of the violence.
The neighbourhood is known for its violent crime and gangs.
Nik Ismail said the Selangor police would not issue any state permits for
assemblies or gatherings for the time being.
The clashes between members of the two ethnic groups was sparked by a row
involving a Malay wedding party and a Hindu funeral procession.
Four Indians, a Malay and an Indonesian died in the fighting.
Most victims were hacked or bludgeoned to death.
Police said 23 people were still in hospital on Tuesday. One was in
Opposition politicians have cast doubt on the government's account of the
number of dead and wounded, but a hospital doctor told Reuters the figures
given were correct.
Police said a fire that swept through four adjoining houses belonging to
Malays in the troubled neighbourhood on Monday night was caused by an
electrical fault and no one was injured.
The poor area is divided into pockets of almost exclusively Indian and Malay
Indians make up just eight percent of Malaysia's 22 million people, Chinese
30 percent and Malays and other indigenous people make up the rest.
While Indians are well represented in the professional classes they are also
among the poorest and most marginalised in Malaysian society.
Poverty shows no discrimination in slums
SEAN YOONG of Associated Press in Taman Desaria, Malaysia
Flies hover over rotting coconut husks strewn across a dump site
barely 60 metres from where 1,000 ethnic Malay and Indian villagers
live cramped together in six communal houses.
Poverty among the residents of the rough-hewn buildings of Taman
Desaria and the almost 10,000 other residents of five villages on the
southwestern edge of the capital is the backdrop to the worst ethnic
violence Malaysia has seen in more than three decades.
After six people were killed and scores wounded in four days of
sporadic fighting by gangs using weapons ranging from homemade bombs
to swords and iron pipes, people here feel that survival is everything
that matters. "My father won't let me go out to work today," said
Chandra Sandragasan, a 23-year-old ethnic Indian factory hand, the day
after the fighting was quelled by the deployment of hundreds of riot
police to the area. "He's frightened of our Malay neighbours. He
thinks they might try to kill me."
Only a week ago, such fears would not have been taken seriously. But
now many Malaysians are concerned that the lid has come off simmering
ethnic tensions in Malaysia, and that the violence could spread.
Malaysia is a country fearful of racial conflict. In schools, history
books remind students that Malays, who comprise about 60 per cent of
Malaysia's 22 million people, must live in unfettered harmony with the
ethnic Chinese and Indian minorities, the descendants of 19th-century
labourers brought in to work tin mines and rubber plantations.
Otherwise, the textbooks warn, race riots between ethnic Malays and
ethnic Chinese that killed hundreds of people in Kuala Lumpur in 1969
could recur and devastate Malaysia's social stability and plunge its
economy into recession.
The national Government's response to the latest fighting has been to
deny that race is an element. "It is not like what happened in
Indonesia," Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad said on Saturday.
It is true that tensions between ethnic groups in Malaysia - where
stable governance under Dr Mahathir for almost 20 years has left it
one of the richest countries in Southeast Asia - pale in comparison to
Indonesia, and that the recent fighting has not affected Malaysia's
overall stability. But few people outside the Government say that race
issues played no part in the Kuala Lumpur violence.
Rumours about the origins of the clashes abound. The most popular
revolves around an Indian funeral procession and Malays celebrating a
marriage. A drunken Indian man kicked over a chair at the wedding,
raising Malay fury, according to the theory. "I live here and I don't
know what to believe," said Malay resident Abdul Rahman Faizal, 45.
"Yesterday, somebody told me that one Indian woman and her daughter
were killed. But I think these are all lies, meant to create more
anger and violence."
Of the six people police have confirmed were killed, five are Indians.
Among the 52 people listed as injured, Indians outnumber Malays by
five to one.
Ethnic Indians make up eight per cent of the population, and many of
them are much poorer than the Malays, who benefit from
affirmative-action programmes instituted after the 1969 riots, and the
Chinese, who have dominated the economy for decades.
The mix is generally true for Kuala Lumpur's poor suburbs. Some
residents say Malays are fed up with Indians, whom they claim have
ruined the area with prostitution, gambling and drinking - which are
forbidden by Islam. But in Taman Desaria, both races share similar
problems. Unemployment is high, and criminal gangs do not
discriminate. Water supply is often disrupted. Flash floods sweep
through the neighbourhood after heavy downpours. The drains are
clogged with filth, while the streets are narrow and filled with
"There is so much frustration on both sides in this area," said Syed
Husin Ali, a prominent human rights activist and opposition leader.
Unless all residents saw positive social and economic developments,
poverty and frustration would breed anger that could be expressed as
ethnic violence, he said.
Growth of ethnic gangs aggravates tensions
IAN STEWART in Kuala Lumpur
As one group of police were dealing with an outbreak of racial
violence in a poor neighbourhood of Kuala Lumpur involving rival
Indian and Malay gangs, another was arresting 121 Chinese allegedly
taking part in a triad initiation ceremony near Malacca.
The two developments highlight the growth of ethnic-based gangs in
Malaysia, which are aggravating tensions in mixed-race squatter areas,
where people eke out a living in squalid surroundings.
Poverty, frustration over living conditions and the prejudices of
people of different races and religions contributed to the initial
skirmishes in the cluster of deprived colonies south of the Federal
Highway carrying commuters between the city centre and the fancy
condominiums of Petaling Jaya. The skirmishes led to pitched battles
between members of Indian and Malay gangs, residents said.
Gang-instigated violence is common in the area and local store-keepers
have complained of having to pay protection money to both Malay and
Indian groups. The most active gangs are made up of Indians, many of
whom have migrated to Kuala Lumpur from rural estates where they were
Several major groups of criminals, such as the Stehr Gang, named after
the automatic weapon that is part of their armament, are Indian.
According to a recent police study on violent crime, 38 Indian gangs,
with 1,500 members, are responsible for most crime in the country. A
senior officer said that although Indians were the third largest race
after the Malays and Chinese, they committed the most crimes.
According to a recent police study on violent crime, 38 Indian gangs, with 1,500 members, are responsible for most crime in the country. A senior officer said that although Indians were the third largest race after the Malays and Chinese, they committed the most crimes.
Malays and other indigenous people represent about 60 per cent of the
population, while Chinese account for 26 per cent and Indians about
eight per cent.
The Malay, Chinese and Indian gangs reflect the polarisation of the
three main communities. Surveys have shown that members of each race
prefer the company of their own kind outside the classroom or office.
Chinese secret societies capitalise on concerns about their minority
status and Malay political dominance, according to social workers,
providing Chinese with a protective big brother.
The alleged triad members arrested on Sunday were caught after police
were alerted to a large number of cars heading into Jasmin, 25km east
of Malacca. Seventy officers surrounded the area where the cars had
parked and detained the suspects. Eleven of the 121 Chinese taken into
custody were students aged from 13 to 18.
Police said they were being initiated into the Red Face Society, which
they said has links to Hong Kong. They seized a sword, joss sticks and
red ribbons and cloth, which were believed to have been used in the
Source: The Business Times, Singapore
Public gatherings banned in Selangor.
Rumour-mongers may be detained without trial
POLICE yesterday banned public gatherings and said they may detain
rumour-mongers without trial after Malaysia's worst ethnic clashes for
Seven more arrests were announced, bringing the total to 190 since
clashes between ethnic Indians and Malays erupted last Thursday. Six
people were killed and 52 injured.
Five men armed with parangs (machetes) and spiked clubs were held,
plus two for spreading rumours.
Asked if the Internal Security Act (ISA), which allows indefinite
detention without trial, would be used against rumour-mongers, the
Selangor state police chief said it was being considered.
"We are looking (at) it," said Nik Ismail Nik Yusoff, adding that the
ISA would only be used if no other law could be applied.
Hundreds of police, including paramilitaries with M-16 rifles and riot
squads, kept watch in the run-down districts but life seemed to be
returning to normal.
A minor neighbourhood quarrel triggered off unrest in Kampung Medan
and other poor districts of Petaling Jaya town just west of Kuala
Some 148 people were brought to court on Monday for remand. Police
said they were being investigated for a variety of offences including
Police reported three attacks on Sunday and Monday in nearby areas but
it was not clear if they were related to the ethnic unrest.
All public gatherings and speeches were temporarily banned in the
state of Selangor, which surrounds Kuala Lumpur, following the
"For the moment, we are not allowing any talks or public gatherings,"
Nik Ismail was quoted by Bernama news agency as saying.
Opposition party leaders repeated a call for talks with the
Democratic Action Party (DAP) secretary-general Kerk Kim Hock said all
parties must cooperate to halt tension amid widespread rumours and the
"fragility of ethnic relations".
National Justice Party deputy president Chandra Muzaffar called for an
independent inquiry, saying there appeared to be "many unanswered
questions about what really happened". -- AFP
Source: The Melbourne Age
Racial tension grips Malaysia
By MARK BAKER, ASIA EDITOR
Hundreds of police and paramilitary forces are patrolling the tense
streets of one of Kuala Lumpur's poorest neighborhoods after several
days of ethnic violence that has left at least six people dead and
more than 40 injured.
In Malaysia's worst eruption of inter-communal violence in more than
30 years, Malays, Indians and immigrant Indonesians fought pitched
battles across the weekend in Petaling Jaya, a satellite city on the
outskirts of the capital.
Witnesses said most of those killed were hacked with machetes or
bludgeoned with clubs and steel pipes. One of the dead, an Indian
hotel worker, was set upon by a mob as he was returning home from a
By early yesterday, close to 200 people had been detained, including
five soldiers from a military base close to the district of Taman
Medan, an area populated mostly by laboring families, migrant workers
Officials and the government-controlled media have attempted to play
down the severity of the clashes but opposition parties said the toll
was much higher than authorities admitted and there was a danger of
fresh clashes, despite the heavy deployment of security forces.
"Based on reliable family and hospital sources, we fear the actual
number of deaths is greater than the official figure," the opposition
Barisan Alternatif Alliance said in a statement. "The situation is
still serious and yet to subside."
One opposition party official said that at least 12 people had been
killed: 10 Indians, one Malay and one Indonesian migrant worker.
The violence comes at a time of rising racial tension in Malaysia,
with the ruling United Malays National Organisation (UMNO), led by Dr
Mahathir Mohamad, seeking to shore up its waning political stocks with
appeals for Malay unity and what many regard as blatant Malay
Deputy Prime Minister Abdullah Badawi fuelled speculation that the
violence was politically motivated when he told a meeting in the area
on Monday that authorities suspected provocateurs were spreading
rumors about fresh atrocities to inflame tensions.
"We do not know who are spreading these rumors. If we know who they
are we can act because we know they are instigators," he said.
Malaysia has long struggled to reconcile differences between the
Malays, who form two-thirds of the population, the 25 per cent Chinese
community, who are economically dominant, and the eight per cent
Indian community, many struggling descendants of Tamil laborers
brought in by the British as plantation workers.
In 1969 about 200 people were killed in race riots between Malays and
Chinese sparked by an election result that showed a sharp fall in
support for UMNO.
Recent programs of affirmative action to advance Malays in employment
and education have fuelled resentment among poor Indians who consider
themselves worse off and often treated as third-class citizens.
The latest violence is believed to have been sparked by an incident 10
days ago when Indians attacked a party of Malays in Taman Medan who
were preparing for a wedding ceremony. During the brawl, several
people were injured and a car and two motorcycles were burnt.
Source: The Australian
Malaysia's racial violence explosion
By Ian Stewart
AN explosion of racial violence in a working-class area of Kuala
Lumpur, killing five people and injuring 37, has shattered a long
period of relative peace among Malaysia's ethnic groups, who had
avoided the bloodletting seen in neighbouring countries.
But analysts said they were not surprised by the clashes last week
between Malays and Indians, which were the worst incidents involving
people of different races in more than 30 years. They said Malaysia
was fortunate there had not been more eruptions, given its racial and
Malays and other indigenous people represent about 60 per cent of the
population, while Chinese make up 26 per cent and Indians about 9 per
cent. There are also large numbers of legal and illegal workers from
Indonesia, Bangladesh and other countries.
The neighbourhood of the racial conflict, Klang Lama, is more like a
rural village than part of a metropolis. It is away from the Petronas
Twin Towers, the world's tallest buildings in the centre of the
capital, and the affluent suburbs of high-rise apartments.
The people, mainly petty traders and factory workers, live in squatter
homes built without permits on government land. The Indians have
their temples and the Malays pray in the local mosque. They live
separate lives, except when working together.
The fighting was sparked by a row between an Indian bound for a
funeral, who found a road blocked by the chairs and tables of a Malay
wedding reception, and the father of the bride. The Indian was chased
away by some Malay youths but returned with several friends who
allegedly attacked the father and wedding guests with parangs (large
chopping knives). Brawling between members of the two races followed
over several days, resulting in the deaths of five people, four of
The death toll was light compared with the most serious ethnic
incident in modern Malaysia's history on May 13, 1969, when racial
riots resulted in the deaths of nearly 200 people, more than 70 per
cent of them from the commercially dominant Chinese community.
The introduction of affirmative action, aimed at giving Malays a
larger share of the nation's wealth and special consideration in
securing jobs and entry to universities, helped ease tensions between
Malays and Chinese. But many members of the Indian community feel
marginalised because they have not attained the financial security of
the Chinese and are barred from privileges given Malays.
Also, attempts to forge a Malaysian identity have made slow progress
because of the continuing preference of most Malays, Chinese and
Indians to socialise only with their own race. At the same time, the
division of the races has been heightened by their religious
In March 1998, Malay Muslims and Indian Hindus in Kampung Rawa,
Penang, fought in the street following a dispute over the construction
of a temple. Police had to use tear gas to break up the battling
Malaysian leaders sought to play down the racial nature of the latest
incidents. Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad said it was "not like in
But Lee Lam Thye, a member of the National Unity Advisory Panel and
former member of parliament said: "We cannot take interracial harmony
in our multiracial nation for granted."