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IOL: Aceh, Vietnam Yang Baru?
29/4/2001 2:37 pm Sun
Aceh mungkin menjadi Vietnam yang kedua tetapi kali ini
umat Islamlah yang akan menjadi mangsa akibat mereka yang
sudah mabuk kuasa. Apa yang menarik Malaysia mungkin terlibat
dengan kemusnahannya kerana penjualan senjata itu tentu lumayan
pendapatannya kepada pengekspotnya. Kehadiran jurucakap GAM
di Malaysia serta butiran terperinci berita ini dari Kuala Lumpur
membayangkan Malaysia sudah lama menjadi tempat bersarangnya
projek memusnahkan Aceh seteruk-teruknya. Mungkin kerana itulah
kedutaan Malaysia di Indonesia kerap menjadi mangsa bom dan
serangan tetapi puncanya digelapkan dari mengetahuinya. Sikap
kerajaan ini akan membahayakan nyawa diplomat dan kakitangan
kedutaan yang tidak tahu hujung pangkal cerita.
Banyak peristiwa ngeri di Indonesia seperti pergaduhan suku
kaum Dayak dan Madura tercetus akibat provokasi pihak luar.
Pihak luar inilah yang tidak mahu kerajaan yang kuat pegangan
Islam mereka muncul di mana-mana pulau di Indonesia. Aceh adalah
satu-satunya tempat yang sukar ditembusi penjajah kerana
pegangan Islamnya yang agak kuat. Hari ini ia cuba dimusnahkan
kerana kebimbangan ia akan menjalar ke sebelah sini. Ancaman
yang diterima oleh kedutaan Malaysia di Indonesia menunjukkan
Malaysia dipercayai terlibat dalam kancah yang ngeri ini.
Dengan tersiarnya berita dari Kuala Lumpur ini kepercayaan
itu nampaknya semakin mencecah hakiki. Malaysia mencampuri
urusan negara luar dan membunuh umat Islam sendiri....
Apakah kerajaan mahu menunggu beratus-ratus keranda tiba
baru mahu mengaku permainan yang kotor ini?
by Kazi Mahmood
In the 1960s, the United States met their most humiliating defeat
in war in Vietnam, a war that also devastated that Southeast
The GAM has said that Indonesian troops, now beefing up already
existing ground forces in the province, will face their own
Vietnam in the province and has warned Javanese immigrants of
harsh actions from its part.
An elite 500-member unit of the Indonesian army flew to Aceh on
Monday to serve as logistics support in an anti-guerilla war that
observers speculate is bound to take place soon. This, however,
has not deterred the Acehnese, even though sources said thousands
more troops will be deployed in the region in hopes of crushing
Two weeks ago, Indonesian military reinforcements entering Aceh
were met with grenade launched attacks and bazookas from the GAM.
Five military trucks from Medan in Sumatra were attacked and
destroyed in what observers said could be part of the GAM's
announced all out war.
Observers believe that the GAM is not only a powerful guerilla
force, but that it could also lead a lengthy conventional war
against the powerful and feared Armed Forces of Indonesia (TNI).
The GAM, observers told IslamOnline, have more than 50,000 war
ready troops, most of whom were trained in the early 1980s and
late 1990s in Tripoli, Libya.
"Most of the 50,000 are fully armed to the teeth and ready to
take on the TNI. However, I know they have more than 50,000 armed
troops all over Aceh." Sodik Solleh, who now lives in Malaysia,
He said GAM claims that it can lead an all out war in the
province was not a "joke, as the GAM was a rich organization that
has beefed up its arms arsenal during the past few years of
reformasi [reform] in Jakarta."
Arms were channeled via neighboring countries that may have
included Malaysia and the Philippines. The GAM has strong
relationships with both the Moro Islamic Liberation Movement
(MILF) and separatists in southern Thailand.
"The GAM has the advantage of knowing the province by heart. It
is already controlling several areas of Aceh where the military
dare not step its foot.
"Its army is composed of men and women, experienced in guerilla
war against the TNI," Solleh said.
He added that in the past, under the Suharto regime, the Acehnese
were not ready since they had little access to armaments.
"In the past three years, the arms movement towards Sumatra has
more than quadrupled. The GAM invested a lot in arms of the
latest designs and quality. The number of dead soldiers recovered
from Aceh recently is proof," Solleh added.
Indonesian troops sent to Aceh have also been specifically
trained in guerrilla and anti-guerrilla warfare techniques. Their
aim is to deal with the insurgents for at least two months.
The reinforcements were trained by the Army's elite Kopassus
force, which has a great deal of experience with GAM fighters,
having been posted in Aceh during a bloody and unsuccessful
military operation between 1988 to 1998, in which between 3,000
and 5,000 people were killed.
Indonesian commanders hope that the reinforcements will be able
to tip the military balance in their favor after a series of
embarrassing defeats in recent months.
Sources said the number of TNI armed men and paramilitary police
in Aceh now stands at around 30,000 garrisoned in the province.
The GAM has already deployed hardened veteran troops to Pidie,
North Aceh and South Aceh to "welcome" the TNI.
"In the past, the Javanese troops could enter Aceh and rape the
women. Now they cannot do that. There is a strong sense of hatred
and anger against them to the extent that they [the Javanese]
cannot even run the state apparatus," IslamOnline was told.
Aceh had been a nightmare for both the Japanese and Dutch
invasion forces in the past. The Dutch failed to capture Aceh and
submit its rule even after decades of war and destruction.
Aceh used to be the most successful Muslim state in the region
before the coming of the European conquistadors.
Aceh used to be the most successful Muslim state in the region before the coming of the European conquistadors.
At the time of Indonesian independence, the Acehnese agreed to
join the federation of the Republic of Indonesia. "The Javanese
took advantage of that and invaded the territory," Solleh said.
The GAM's chief leader, Hassan Tiro, who now lives in exile in
the Netherlands, said that Javanese forces should be regarded as
an invading force, and has called on the Acehnese to take up arms